Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of irritable bowel disease that causes inflammation and ulcers in the large intestine. There is no exact known cause but some factors that may play a role include your own immune reacting abnormally in the intestine, genes, and environment. The main symptom is diarrhea that may contain blood or pus. Other symptoms are abdominal pain, sudden urge to have bowel movements, feeling tired, anemia, weight loss, or fever. Symptoms can come and go for life and flare ups of these symptoms can range from days to months.
Little research has been done with medical marijuana and its effect on irritable bowel disease, but many patients have reported increased relief of their symptoms. Canniboids, the compounds found in medical marijuana, have been found to suppress the inflammatory response. Another compound found in medical marijuana called delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, has also been shown to help increase appetite and reduce nausea. A study done on Crohn’s Disease which is another type of inflammatory bowel disease, found significant improvement in after treatment with cannabis. The need to take other medications decreased greatly.
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