Researchers believe that cannabidiol (CBD) may benefit skin conditions such as acne, dermatitis, psoriasis, and aging . A study of CBD has demonstrated that it has the ability to exert a number of biological responses on the human system such as anti-inflammatory properties, immune response modulation, and antioxidant effects.
What Benefits Does CBD Have for Skin Conditions?
- Anti-inflammatory Activity: Acne and psoriasis relief
- Antioxidant Activity: Help prevent sun damage
- Immunological Effects: Improve skin healing and combat aging
The Endocannabinoid System in Skin
It is sometimes easy to forget that our skin is our body’s largest organ. Like other organs, it is also linked to the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which plays a key role in regulating our health and wellbeing. Through the ECS, cannabinoids are able to exert their effects. Skin cells like fibroblasts, keratinocytes, sebaceous glands, nerve endings, and immune cells are linked to the endocannabinoid system through cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1), cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2), and non-cannabinoid receptors like transient receptor potential channels (TRP), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) .
CBD for Acne
Acne is a common skin condition where inflammation plays a major role in increasing sebum (oil) production . There are different types of acne such as blackheads, whiteheads, and cystic acne. The lipolytic (breakdown of lipid triglycerides) and anti-inflammatory effects of CBD are key benefits in combating acne. Cannabis seed oil (without CBD) has also shown the ability to reduce sebum production.
CBD for Psoriasis and Dermatitis
Psoriasis and atopic dermatitis are skin barrier disorders that occur due to complex environmental and genetic factors . In addition to providing inflammation relief, CBD studies on these conditions also suggest that the antioxidant properties of CBD may also be beneficial. While CBD has not demonstrated definitive efficacy as a standalone treatment for psoriasis and dermatitis, researchers are hopeful that it could help patients feel more comfortable and supplement traditional treatments.
CBD for Aging Skin
Sun exposure is just one of many other factors that play a big role in aging skin . This makes antioxidant and hydrating properties important for anti-aging skincare products. Along with antioxidant and hydrating benefits, researchers have also noticed that CBD promotes a protective effect against UVB radiation and against phospholipids upregulation or downregulation due to ultraviolet exposure .
What Type of CBD is Best for Skin?
The type of CBD product you use for skincare can differ based on your needs. Oral CBD oil skin benefits will work on the skin from the inside and may take longer to see benefits. This can be ideal as a preventative care measure, and if you have other health motivations for using CBD. Topical CBD oil skin benefits are more suitable for issues affecting the top layer of the skin and can have faster impacts.
Buying CBD Skincare Products
CBD skincare benefits are especially interesting because CBD does not irritate or dry out skin like salicylic acid or retinol retinol or products, respectively, that are traditionally recommended for acne and aging. They have a more gentle mode of action that avoids irritating the skin further. Of course, specific products may contain added fragrances and ingredients that should be avoided. You should always check the ingredients before buying CBD skincare products to ensure these potential non-CBD irritants are avoided. It is also advisable to consult with a dermatologist to make sure CBD skincare products are appropriate for your specific health concerns.
- Santos, J. S., de Oliveira Costa, L., de Rezende Evangelista, M., Fernandes, L. D., Teixeira, E. B. S., Rosa, E. M., … & de Souza, M. (2023). Cannabidiol as a Novel Therapeutic for Skin Treatments. Medicine, 15(1), 01-09.